Using Social Cognitive Career Theory to Explain Pre-Licensure Nursing Students' Interest In and Career Choice Goal for a Future Perioperative Nursing Role

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Citation

Hillson, Laurie, “Using Social Cognitive Career Theory to Explain Pre-Licensure Nursing Students' Interest In and Career Choice Goal for a Future Perioperative Nursing Role,” Scholar@Simmons, accessed April 4, 2020, https://beatleyweb.simmons.edu/scholar/items/show/300.

Title

Using Social Cognitive Career Theory to Explain Pre-Licensure Nursing Students' Interest In and Career Choice Goal for a Future Perioperative Nursing Role

Creator

Hillson, Laurie

Date

2014

Description

Although it is predicted that nursing shortages will affect all areas of nursing, specialized areas like perioperative nursing, will be seriously affected by the decreased number of skilled nurses in the 21st century, few studies have examined how nursing students might be attracted to or dissuaded from a perioperative nursing role or what variables might influence this choice. The purpose of this study was to explore pre-licensure nursing students’ interest in and intent to pursue a career in perioperative nursing using Social Cognitive Career Theory. To that end, this study utilized a quantitative descriptive correlational research design to determine the relation among variables in SCCT to pre-licensure student nurses' interest in and intent to pursue a career in perioperative nursing. Demographic information, quantitative data was collected. Participants were 1682 pre-licensure undergraduate nursing students who were members of the National Student Nurses Association (NSNA). Results from this study indicated that almost 38% of the students reported a high or very high interest in a future perioperative nursing role. Analysis of data showed a sound relationship between high interest in pursuit of a future perioperative nursing role and intent to pursue a perioperative nursing role in the future. Students who expressed high, low, or unsure intent to pursue a future perioperative nursing role differed from each other in terms of age, region, type of pre-licensure nursing program in which they were enrolled, parents’ level of education, number of semesters completed, supports and barriers, self-efficacy, learning experiences, role models, outcome expectations, and interest ratings. I was found that overall the seven SCCT variables were predictive of the likelihood of students indicating a career goal in perioperative nursing. This was the first study utilize SCCT to explain nursing students’ interest in and career choice goal for a future perioperative nursing role. The knowledge gained in this study can be useful for administrators of nursing programs and nurse educators since it is critical that they have awareness of these factors to facilitate the development of effective perioperative learning experiences in higher education that meet the contemporary needs of the healthcare system.

Publisher

Simmons College (Boston, Mass.)

Format

1 PDF (122 Pages)

Language

English

Type

Doctoral Dissertations