Mindfulness to Decrease Stress in Healthcare Workers




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Mindfulness to Decrease Stress in Healthcare Workers


Botta, Ariel




Healthcare workers are exhibiting higher levels of stress, burnout and compassion fatigue than ever before due to increased workload demands and the need to see more patients in less time. Work-related stress, including burnout and compassion fatigue, can contribute to substance abuse, depression, suicidality, higher rates of psychological and physical illness, absenteeism, medical errors, and higher rates of patient dissatisfaction. Mindfulness shows promise in reducing work-related stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue in healthcare workers. This dissertation focuses on the development, delivery, and evaluation of a mindfulness training to decrease stress in healthcare workers. Chapter One provides a detailed description of the rationale for adaptations made to develop a mindfulness training for hospital-based healthcare workers based on a previously published study. Chapter Two describes the theoretical framework of the development and evaluation of the mindfulness training. Chapter Three reports the findings of a day-long mindfulness training for 73 hospital-based healthcare workers of nine different disciplines. The aim of the study was to reduce stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue as well as increase mindfulness. There were 3 data collection points, pre-, post-, and 4-week follow-up, with a 95% completion rate by participants. Results indicated a significant decrease in stress, p < .001, as well as emotional exhaustion, a strong component of burnout, p = < .001. Additionally, results indicated a significant increase in mindfulness, p = .041 maintained at 4-week follow-up. Exploratory analyses showed significant increases in perceived susceptibility to burnout and compassion fatigue, p = .034, benefits of mindfulness to cope with stress, p < .001, self-efficacy in using mindfulness, p < .001, and a decrease in perceived barriers to practicing mindfulness to cope with work-related stress, p < .001. Limitations and areas of future research are discussed.


mindfulness, stress, burnout, compassion fatigue, hospital, healthcare workers


Simmons University (Boston, Mass.)


1 PDF (119 Pages)




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