The Maryknoll Mission in El Salvador and Nicaragua: Changes from the 1940s to the 1980s

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The Maryknoll Mission in El Salvador and Nicaragua.pdf

Citation

[Unknown User], “The Maryknoll Mission in El Salvador and Nicaragua: Changes from the 1940s to the 1980s,” Scholar@Simmons, accessed March 31, 2020, https://beatleyweb.simmons.edu/scholar/items/show/392.

Title

The Maryknoll Mission in El Salvador and Nicaragua: Changes from the 1940s to the 1980s

Creator

Clauss, Erin

Date

2019

Description

This thesis is about the missionary work of the Maryknoll Order in Nicaragua and El Salvador from the 1940s to the 1980s. It examines how American Maryknoll missionaries interpreted and put into action theological ideas about the social and political responsibilities of the Catholic Church. These ideas were established by the Church hierarchy in the Second Vatican Council and the Latin American liberation theology movement, and argued that Catholic workers had a mandate to choose the ‘preferential option for the poor’ by actively working towards social, economic, and political betterment of the lives of the poor. This thesis argues that Maryknoll missionaries developed social consciousness partially through their personal experiences on mission and partially through the adoption of progressive ideas by the hierarchy. Missionaries used the Second Vatican Council and liberation theology as justification for their social and political activities, even after the hierarchy rescinded its support. The new ideology manifested in actions such as the development of Base Ecclesial Communities and political activism in Central America and the United States.

Subject

Maryknoll, liberation theology, Vatican II

Publisher

Simmons University (Boston, Mass.)

Format

1 PDF (86 Pages)

Language

English

Type

Masters Theses

Potential Collection

Dual History and Archives Management