Habit Reversal Therapy for Stereotypic Movements in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Files

Caitlin Irwin Dissertation.pdf

Citation

Irwinc, “Habit Reversal Therapy for Stereotypic Movements in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder,” Scholar@Simmons, accessed May 30, 2020, https://beatleyweb.simmons.edu/scholar/items/show/402.

Title

Habit Reversal Therapy for Stereotypic Movements in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Creator

Irwin, Caitlin

Date

2019

Description

A rich literature supports the application of behavioral interventions to address the
stereotypic movements of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the
resource-intensive nature of these approaches limits their feasibility. Habit Reversal (HR), a self-management approach considered well-established for the treatment of several other repetitive behaviors, may offer an alternative. Through HR, a participant tacts each instance of the stereotypic behavior; engages in an alternative, less stigmatizing response; and recruits reinforcement for the absence of the stereotypy or the emission of the
alternative response. Currently, the generality of HR to individuals with ASD has weak empirical support, with the few existing studies demonstrating procedural variability and poor methodological rigor. To examine the effects of HR on the stereotypic movements of 3 adolescents with ASD, this study included two experiments using direct behavioral observation during the participants’ typical school day, supplemented with measures of procedural integrity, treatment adherence, and interobserver agreement to assess the claims about the experimental control demonstrated by the two multiple baseline designs.The results indicated that the intervention was successful in reducing 4 of the 5 stereotypic behaviors, providing initial support for the use of HR with this population.

Subject

Habit Reversal, Stereotypy, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Self-Management

Publisher

Simmons University (Boston, Mass.)

Format

1 PDF (97 Pages)

Language

English

Type

Doctoral Dissertations

PhD Collections

Behavioral Analysis, PhD